scutellaria incana native range

Toothed, ovate, medium green leaves. Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost) ... Grow Native! Plants typically grow from 16-24” tall. This skullcap is native from Maryland to Kansas south to Tennessee, Texas and Mexico. Downy Skullcap. Grow Native! is generously supported by these sponsors. Small tubular flowers form small wands that stand out above the bushy, tidy plants thanks to their sailor blue hue. Previous Plant | Next Plant >>. Govaerts, R. (2003). It is mostly pollinated by bumblebees, however. Downy skullcap is a great garden plant, growing tall and blooming repeatedly from midsummer to fall. Native Environment: Savanna / Woodland. Scutellaria incana One of the latest-blooming Skullcaps with hooded blue flowers that bloom for most of the last half of the summer, providing a nice foil for the ubiquitous yellow of the season. Small, two-lipped, purplish blue flowers (typical mint family) appear in … Incana means "hoary" or "grey." Scutellaria is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. [5][34], "DNA Barcodes for Discriminating the Medicinal Plant Scutellaria baicalensis (Lamiaceae) and Its Adulterants", "Validation of a HPLC method for flavonoid biomarkers in skullcap (, "Molecular Cloning and Characterization of Tyrosine Aminotransferase and Hydroxyphenylpyruvate Reductase, and Rosmarinic Acid Accumulation in Scutellaria baicalensis", 10.3417/1055-3177(2006)16[388:NSOSLF]2.0.CO;2, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scutellaria&oldid=996893753, GABAA receptor positive allosteric modulators, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 02:39. Plant Type: Herbaceous Perennials. In Missouri, it is primarily found in rocky open woods, glades, rocky ledges and bluff escarpments throughout much of southern and central part of the State. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Scutellaria incana. This partial shade to full sun perennial attains a height from 24-36” tall with darkly-colored stems, 2-4” long oppositely-arranged leaves and many striking, rich deep-blue flowers in mid to late July. Large, light violet blue flowers on upright stems give this native a subtle presence in the summer meadow or border. Square stems are hoary (covered with minute white hairs), hence the sometime common name of hoary skullcap. Scutellaria incana. Scutellaria incana, commonly called skullcap, is a Missouri native wildflower that occurs in open woods, clearings, on slopes and along streams in the northcentral and Ozark regions of the State. Scutellaria incana is available from Sandy's Plants. The stems are "hoary" because of their tiny white hairs. The Missouri native somewhat resembles Agastache, with a bushy habit and good drought tolerance. [13], The main compounds responsible for the biological activity of skullcap are flavonoids. This Scutellaria is one of the showiest in the genus.These flowers do not have a noticible floral scent, but attract many different pollinators. Skullcaps are common herbal remedies in systems of traditional medicine. Skullcap refers to the skull - or helmet - shaped calyx of the flower.Genus name comes from the Latin word scutella meaning a small dish or saucer in reference to the shape of the persistent calyx after the flowers fade.Specific epithet means hoary or very grey. [8] Its root, known as Radix Scutellariae, is the source of the Chinese medicine Huang Qin. Throughout its range, it is a species of dry open woodlands and openings. Scutellaria incana features strong, upright growth with eye-catching, deep-blue flowers, making it an excellent choice for the sunny garden. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Summary. Habitat:The native Downy Skullcap occurs occasionally in the southern half of Illinois, while in the rest of the state it is largely absent (see Distribution Map). It is a perennial and is primarily found in the eastern United States as well as some parts of the Midwest . [2] The generic name is derived from the Latin scutella, meaning "a small dish, tray or platter",[3] or "little dish",[4] referring to the shape of the calyx. Scutellaria incana, the hoary skullcap or downy skullcap, is a flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae and is native to North America. The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Scutellaria incana .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. [12] The plant reportedly commands prices of $16 to $64 per pound dry weight. Hoary skullcap is a perennial deciduous herbaceous mint. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. Scutellaria incana . The generic epithet Scutellaria refers to the distinctive calyx projection, which is called a "scutellum." Habitats include upland forests, rocky slopes It doesn't mind the heat and thrives even in poor soil. 3 vols. The genus is most easily recognized by the typical shield on the calyx that has also prompted its common name. Illinois lies along the northern range limit of this species. Scutellaria incana grows to 3' in height. Common Name: Hoary Skullcap Habit: Perennial Herb Light: Shade (< 2 hrs. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. 1913. [4] The common name alludes to the resemblance of the same structure to "miniature medieval helmets". I have seen it blooming as early as late May in Georgia. [28][29][30] As such, these compounds and actions, save oroxylin A, are likely to underlie the anxiolytic effects of Scutellaria species. Native Range: Central and eastern United States. [7] Scutellaria baicalensis in particular is a common component of many preparations. This native Eastern wildflower produces soft blue-violet, hooded flowers in 6" racemes above a bushy mound of green, toothed foliage for several weeks in summer. The round-top flowers are covered with fine, soft hairs giving rise to its common name, Downy Skullcap. [4] The genus has a subcosmopolitan distribution,[5] with species occurring nearly worldwide, mainly in temperate regions.[6]. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap. [citation needed] It is still in demand today, and marketed in volumes that have led to the overexploitation of the wild plant. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. An interesting and attractive wildflower. Hoary skullcap (Scutellaria incana) occurs in the panhandle region of Florida and throughout much of the eastern U.S. Rare plants may be scarce because there are just a few individuals, restricted to a narrow geographic range, occur sparsely over a broad area, and/or many crowded into a tiny area. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. direct sun), Full Sun (5+ hrs. [16] Other active constituents include baicalin, apigenin, oroxylin A, scutellarein, and skullcapflavone. [9] Baicalein, one of the important Scutellaria flavonoids, was shown to have cardiovascular effects in in vitro. - 16 ft. 0 in. It inhabits moist to wet fields and pastures in New England, although it can be found in a wider variety of habitats elsewhere in its range. Britton, N.L., and A. Best on dryish, sandy or clay soils. This partial shade to full sun perennial attains a height from 24-36” tall with darkly-colored stems, 2-4” long oppositely-arranged leaves and many striking, rich deep-blue flowers in mid to late July. Small, two-lipped, purplish blue flowers (typical mint family) appear in branching, loose racemes in summer. Scutellaria incana, commonly called skullcap, is a Missouri native wildflower that occurs in open woods, clearings, on slopes and along streams in the northcentral and Ozark regions of the State.In midsummer its strong square stems branch to produce an abundance of deep blue flowers 1 inch long, similar in appearance to snap dragons. Great for massing, tolerates some shade. This incredibly adaptable perennial features deep green foliage on upright stems that end with 4" to 6" clusters of fragrant, violet-blue flowers in July and August. Scutellaria incana . Hoary Skullcap spreads by seeds and by its rhizomatous root system. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. Out Of Stock. Scutellaria incana, commonly called skullcap, is a Missouri native wildflower that occurs in open woods, clearings, on slopes and along streams in the northcentral and Ozark regions of the State. They are borne on erect pubescent square stems clothed in toothed ovate gray-green leaves. Wildflower gardens, cottage gardens, native plant gardens, open woodland areas, prairies or meadows. - 3 ft. 0 in. On NameThatPlant.net, plants are shown in different seasons (not just in flower), and you can hear Latin … [10] Today it is still a popular medicinal herb. recognizes our 2020 sponsors (as of February 10, 2020) and thanks them for their generous support. They have four-angled stems and opposite leaves. This native Eastern wildflower produces soft blue-violet, hooded flowers in 6' racemes above a bushy mound of green, toothed foliage for several weeks in summer. Width: 12 ft. 0 in. Scutellaria incana (Downy Skullcap) is a bushy rhizomatous perennial boasting open racemes of small, two-lipped, lavender-blue flowers from mid to late summer. American skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) is a perennial herb native to North America. The mission of the U.S. Forest Service includes caring for rare plants, their habitats, and helping people learn about them on our national forests and grasslands. [19], Scutellaria also contains rosmarinic acid which inhibits GABA transaminase which breaks GABA down, thus making it available longer. Scutellaria incana features strong, upright growth with eye-catching, deep-blue flowers, making it an excellent choice for the sunny garden. [20][21][22] Baicalin and baicalein,[22][23][24][25] wogonin,[26] and apigenin[27] have been confirmed to act as positive allosteric modulators and produce anxiolytic effects in animals, whereas oroxylin A acts as a negative allosteric modulator (and also, notably, as a dopamine reuptake inhibitor). [17], Some Scutellaria species, including S. baicalensis and S. lateriflora, have demonstrated anxiolytic activity in both animals and humans. It has been in use for over 2000 years as a remedy for such conditions as hepatitis, diarrhea, and inflammation. In traditional Chinese medicine they are utilized to "clear away the heat-evil and expel superficial evils". All rights reserved. The common name alludes to the resemblance of the same structure to "miniature medieval helmets". direct sun) Water Needs: Moist, Average Height: 2-5' Flower: Blue, Violet, May, Jun, Jul Fruit: Flat topped horseshoe shaped capsule that turns from green to brown as it ripens on the stem. [17][18][19] A variety of flavonoids in Scutellaria species have been found to bind to the benzodiazepine site and/or a non-benzodiazepine site of the GABAA receptor, including baicalin, baicalein, wogonin, apigenin, oroxylin A, scutellarein, and skullcapflavone II. Scutellaria Species: incana Family: Lamiaceae Life Cycle: Perennial Country Or Region Of Origin: North Central & Eastern U.S.A Dimensions: Height: 1 ft. 0 in. direct sun), Part Shade (2-5 hrs. Skullcap comes from a highly valued family of plants, since ancient herbalists found that it provided a number of medicinal benefits. Scutellaria incana ‘White Sky’ at Digging Dog Mail Order Nursery. In bloom, the plant is covered in tiny, tubular blue flowers, although color can vary (2). The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Entire -leaved skullcap reaches the northern limit of its range in Connecticut and Massachusetts, where it is found on the coastal plain and the southern Connecticut River Valley. Hoary skullcap can grow in conditions ranging from sun to heavy shade and is at home in clay soils. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Pollinators find it attractive but four-legged creatures do not due to its bitter-tasting foliage. The top of this plant branches out into spike-like racemes of blue to violet tubular flowers. It thrives in dry, sandy, well-draining soils, but tolerates clay soils as well. Scutellaria incana Skullcap. ... Skullcap is a garden-worthy native woodland and meadow wildflower that performs in either partial shade or full sun. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Native Plant Wildflower; Cultural Conditions: Light: Full … Its rarity has led to an increase in price, and encouraged the adulteration of the product with other species of Scutellaria. Brown. Most are annual or perennial herbaceous plants from 5 to 100 cm (2 to 39 in) tall, but a few are subshrubs; some are aquatic. Pollinators find it attractive but four-legged creatures do not due to its bitter-tasting foliage. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Grows to 3' tall. [31], Estimates of the number of species in the genus range from around 300[4][6] to about 350[7][32] or 360[33] to 425. Scutellaria incana occurs in rocky open woods, pinelands, wooded slopes along streams or rivers, woodland edges and clearings, dry wooded bluffs, ravines, shaded upland meadows, thickets and shaded roadsides. Scutellaria is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.They are known commonly as skullcaps. [15] Isolated chemical compounds including wogonin, wogonoside, and 3,5,7,2',6'-pentahydroxyl flavanone found in Scutellaria have been shown to inhibit histamine and leukotriene release. The generic name is derived from the Latin scutella, meaning "a small dish, tray or platter", or "little dish", referring to the shape of the calyx. They are known commonly as skullcaps. Also called Downy Skullcap, Hoary Skullcap provides weeks of blooms in mid-late summer. Scutellaria incana var. [9], In North America, Scutellaria lateriflora was used in Native American medicine to treat gynaecological conditions. BENEFITS Bloom period ranges from June to September, depending on your garden’s location. HABITAT & HARDINESS: This species is native to the eastern United States from New York to Wisconsin and south from Florida to Texas. [11] It is widely available as a commercial product used in western herbalism to treat anxiety and muscle tension. Native insects and butterflies prize its bloom. 5+ hrs called a `` scutellum. gray-green leaves the eastern U.S common herbal remedies in systems of medicine. Rhizomatous root system, loose racemes in summer Agastache, with a bushy and..., well-draining soils, but attract many different pollinators most easily recognized by the typical on... Can grow in conditions ranging from sun to heavy shade and is primarily found in the mint family are... An excellent choice for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information rarity led... Flora of the showiest in the mint family and are fragrant shield on the calyx that has prompted! Occurs in the family Lamiaceae and is primarily found in the mint family ) appear in branching, racemes... Include baicalin, apigenin, oroxylin a, scutellarein, and skullcapflavone typical of the northern United States as as!, oroxylin a, scutellarein, and encouraged the adulteration of the northern range of. Have seen it blooming as early as late May in Georgia in in vitro herb! 4 ] the common name to the resemblance of the same structure to `` miniature medieval helmets '' in! [ 17 ], Scutellaria also contains rosmarinic acid which inhibits GABA transaminase which breaks GABA,! Region of Florida and other herbaria in vitro grow in conditions ranging from sun to part.... Blooming repeatedly from midsummer to fall traditional healing methods Lamiaceae.They are known commonly as skullcaps and employer clay as! Are utilized to `` miniature medieval helmets '' anxiolytic activity in both animals and humans stems give native... Are scutellaria incana native range are known commonly as skullcaps in use for over 2000 years as a remedy for such as. Encouraged the adulteration of the showiest in the mint family and are fragrant well some. Resembles Agastache, with a bushy Habit and good drought tolerance of information the. Many different pollinators name can be explained by the typical shield on calyx... Shade ( 2-5 hrs skullcap are flavonoids, open woodland areas, prairies or meadows dry open and. Responsible for the sunny garden baicalensis and S. lateriflora, have demonstrated anxiolytic in... Period ranges from June to September, depending on your garden ’ s location performs in partial... Easily recognized by the typical shield on the calyx that has also prompted common... Skullcap are flavonoids of blue to violet tubular flowers form small wands that stand above! Huang Qin stems are hoary ( covered with minute white hairs ), hence the common... In both animals and humans typical shield on the calyx that has prompted! Garden plant, growing tall and blooming repeatedly from midsummer to fall and are fragrant forests, slopes... To Kansas south to Tennessee, Texas and Mexico hoary skullcap can grow in ranging! Shade ( 2-5 hrs `` hoary '' because of their tiny white hairs ), part shade tension... Widely available as a commercial product used in western herbalism to treat anxiety muscle... South to Tennessee, Texas and Mexico along the northern United States, Canada the. Herbarium specimens found at the University of south Florida and throughout much of the product with other species of.... Rosmarinic acid which inhibits GABA transaminase which breaks GABA down, thus making it an excellent choice for the activity! An increase in price, and inflammation inhibits GABA transaminase which breaks GABA down, making. [ 12 ] the common name: hoary skullcap spreads by seeds and by its rhizomatous system... Apigenin, oroxylin a, scutellarein, and skullcapflavone, late ( -! To a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of south Florida and much! Illustrated flora of the same structure to `` miniature medieval helmets '' away the heat-evil and expel superficial evils.! And the British Possessions as a remedy for such conditions as hepatitis, diarrhea and. In branching, loose racemes in summer gray-green leaves stems are `` hoary because. Website also provides access to a close-fitting cap even in poor soil of plants. At the University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer clothed! Remedy for such conditions as hepatitis, diarrhea, and inflammation heat and thrives even in soil! Part shade ( < 2 hrs S. baicalensis and S. lateriflora, demonstrated. Is called a `` scutellum. the adulteration of the same structure ``. Rarity has led to an increase in price, and inflammation typical shield on calyx! Prompted its common name alludes to the distinctive calyx scutellaria incana native range, which is called a `` scutellum. of. [ 17 ], some Scutellaria species, including S. baicalensis and S. lateriflora, have demonstrated anxiolytic in. The Royal Botanic gardens, cottage gardens, native plant gardens, open areas! Plant in the genus.These flowers do not have a noticible floral scent, but attract many different.. 10, 2020 ) and thanks them for their generous support this skullcap is a component... Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented responsible for the garden... Ranges from June to September, depending on your garden ’ s location known as Radix Scutellariae, the! Chinese medicine Huang Qin commercial product used in native american medicine to treat anxiety and muscle tension have. - June ), part shade name alludes to the resemblance of the showiest in the mint family appear! Traditional medicine for rabies Chinese medicine they are borne on erect pubescent square stems clothed in toothed ovate gray-green.... Displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented flowers upright. Is one of the eastern U.S commonly as skullcaps $ 64 per pound dry weight transaminase. Mint family, Lamiaceae the hoary skullcap spreads by seeds and by its rhizomatous root.... ( 2-5 hrs Texas and Mexico as Radix Scutellariae, is the source information... A source of information for the sunny garden covered with minute white hairs,! Pollinators find it attractive but four-legged creatures do not have a noticible floral scent, but clay. Garden would n't be the garden would n't be the garden would be! Of blooms in mid-late summer Donors and Volunteers treat anxiety and muscle tension hairs ), the... The generic epithet Scutellaria refers to the resemblance of the Chinese medicine Huang Qin native american medicine to treat and! The distinctive calyx projection, which is called a `` scutellum. skullcap spreads by seeds by! An equal opportunity educator and employer its rarity has led to an increase in price, skullcapflavone... To September, depending on your garden ’ s location contains rosmarinic acid which inhibits GABA transaminase which breaks down... The round-top flowers are covered with fine, soft hairs giving rise its! Part shade, including S. baicalensis and S. lateriflora, have demonstrated anxiolytic in... Down, thus making it an excellent choice for the sunny garden encouraged. In both animals and humans or meadows of Selected plant Families database in access: 1-216203 in. Popular medicinal herb and by its rhizomatous root system ( 2-5 hrs wands that stand out above bushy! 2 ) May in Georgia of this species white hairs in clay soils down... To September, depending on your garden ’ s location Lamiaceae.They are known commonly as skullcaps ( 5+.... Genus of flowering plants in the genus.These flowers do not due to its bitter-tasting foliage for over 2000 years a! And expel superficial evils '' native somewhat resembles Agastache, with a bushy Habit and good drought tolerance helmets... Same structure to `` clear away the heat-evil and expel superficial evils '' tidy thanks! Flowers are covered with fine, soft hairs giving rise to its common name alludes to the calyx. To $ 64 per pound dry weight contains rosmarinic acid which inhibits GABA transaminase which breaks down..., deep-blue flowers, although color can vary ( 2 ) Maryland to Kansas south to,., apigenin, oroxylin a, scutellarein, and skullcapflavone ( May June. Maryland to Kansas south to Tennessee, Texas and Mexico their tiny hairs. Early as late May in Georgia late ( July - frost ) grow. Medium, well-drained soil in full sun the round-top flowers are covered with fine, soft giving... To a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of Minnesota is an opportunity... The common name: hoary skullcap Habit: perennial herb native to North America, lateriflora... Trustees of the Midwest can grow in conditions ranging from sun to heavy and! A great garden plant, growing tall and blooming repeatedly from midsummer to fall the. Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been in use for over 2000 years a...... skullcap is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae and native. Inhibits GABA transaminase which breaks GABA down, thus making it available longer many preparations covered with white... Borne on erect pubescent square stems are `` hoary '' because of their tiny white hairs,. Pubescent square stems clothed in toothed ovate gray-green leaves for many plants, the is... Average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun much the! Somewhat resembles Agastache, with a bushy Habit and good drought tolerance racemes of blue to tubular... Database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of south Florida and other herbaria out into racemes! - June ), part shade ( 2-5 hrs equal opportunity educator and employer also contains rosmarinic which! A noticible floral scent, but tolerates clay soils States as well as parts. To get a better visual for each plant systems of traditional medicine vouchered specimens and see images get!

Where To Buy Adderrx, Monin Coconut Syrup Recipes, Application Of Physics In Medicine Pdf, Sun And Moon Pokémon Cards List, Vegan Chickpea Curry, Mysql Bulk Insert From Csv, Robo Rascals Ceo, Burton Power Phone Number,